霉菌引發呼吸道毛病宜盡快清理

(KTSF)

【KTSF 李穎珊報導】

在長期潮濕的環境下,牆壁、磁磚、浴缸邊、鋁窗框、木製家俱,甚至塑膠和皮革物品上也可能發現霉菌。舊金山(三藩巿)公共衛生局健康教育工作者盧德偉指出,室外有很多霉孢
在空氣中飄浮,它們會飄入室內;若空氣濕度高,提供霉成長的先決條件。

灰灰黑黑的霉菌不單不雅觀,還是一種致敏原,會引發哮喘和令氣管過敏的人不適。盧德偉解釋,當霉孢進入氣管,可以引致氣管發炎或受感染,令氣管收縮、紅腫,造成上呼吸道疾病,例如鼻塞、鼻竇炎、喉嚨痛、喉炎,或下呼吸道感染,包括咳嗽、呼吸困難和氣促。

他說霉菌屬於真菌類,有很多種,部份帶有毒性,一旦吸入人體,嚴重的話可能令人麻痺甚至昏迷。而皮膚接觸一樣有害,因為會引起皮膚濕疹的問題。他說,暴露在霉菌下,即使是突然或短暫接觸,都可觸發身體出現上述病癥。

加州衛生部去年9月已確認霉菌會引致人體出現過敏反應;舊金山公共衛生局亦已把霉菌,列為滋擾公共衛生的妨害。多戶式出租物業,霉菌情況嚴重而不處理的話,當局有權要求業主和住客作出改善,否則要面臨起訴和罰款。

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Comments

  1. Judith says:

    Great Information! It would be great to see other environmental health stories, since this affects the health of many San Franciscans. Very few of us are aware for the hazards and resources out there.

  2. Brownie says:

    I agree with Judith, this segment is very informative as mold is a problem for most people in San Francisco. I’ve heard that mold can be removed from the surface with bleach. However, I am concerned that bleach is harmful to our health and the environment. Are there safer alternatives to bleach that I can use?

    • Candice Tong 湯雪敏 says:

      Yes Brownie, we will talk about how to clean away mould in your homes and how to prevent mould from growing tonight, please stay in tune with us.

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